Information Sciences and Technologies are at the core of our everyday life. They do not just apply to historic areas such as aeronautics and space, but they affect our near environment today. Objects and things surrounding us come to life, make decisions, connections, alert when they are faulty, repair themselves, and behave autonomously. They react like humans and show « intelligent » behaviours. Machines, cobots, robots will soon invade our space and become, willy-nilly, our assistants, our co-workers, and our companions. Underlying all of this, there are several scientific disciplines: computer science, control theory, signal and image processing, robotics, systems-on-chip design.
Within my organisation, the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), the Institute for Information Sciences and Technologies (INS2I) promotes fundamental research in the above disciplines in close connection with interdisciplinary scientific goals and major social and economic challenges.
In this talk, I will focus on the contributions of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and explain why AI is an essential element in the society that is being built. After providing an overview of AI topics and today’s AI challenges, I will focus on my area of expertise, which is diagnostic reasoning and give some insight into the technical aspects. I will then present some innovative applications in domains like medicine, agriculture, transport/mobility, energy and will conclude the talk with some questions that arise from an ethical and societal point of view.